1 Building a caree
managed / motivated
1.1 About business The education business
motivated / managed
telemarketing, personal refe
als, weekends at Harvard, mail shots, travelling
1 to be resting, to take a sa
2 to be laid off, to be made redundant
23,000 applications for the new academic yea
9% of applications were accepted
80% ultimately decided to attend
10% of admitted students came from a
to be promoted, to join a company
to quit, to give in your notice
to be on assignment, to be transfe
to be suspended, to be dismissed
e 35 staff in Fitzsimmons’ team
f $43,700 - the annual tab for tuition, room and board
g $60,000 - parents who make less aren’t expected to pay
h 8000 alumni volunteers
1 He’s intending to quit his job because his company keeps giving him
assignments in different countries. He needs to give in his notice three
months before he can leave.
2 She was laid off when they modernized the company, then made
Purchase high school juniors’ names from examination boards.
Send 70,000 or so letters to high school juniors.
Visit 140 US cities and travel to other countries.
Send out 8,000 alumni volunteers to identify possible candidates.
Sort applications and give a score from one to six.
Local subcommittees discuss the case for and against each candidate.
Professors, alumni, and students lo
y successful candidates by phone.
edundant when they couldn’t ﬁnd any work for her.
He’s been suspended for not wearing a safety helmet, but he thinks the
company want to dismiss him.
He joined the company four years ago and has just been promoted.
She’s on secondment in Paris, and she’s being transfe
ed to Vancouver.
He’s resting at the moment, and considering taking a sa
atical to write
Invite applicants to spend a weekend at Harvard in April.
a speaker 3
Started up successful
previously worked as
Designed and sold
product to local govt.
1.2 Vocabulary Education and caree
1 gain 2 acquire 3 improving 4 boosting 5 have
6 going to 7 making 8 receive 9 obtain 10 enhance
Resigned when he
disagreed with his
CEO. Sell shares?
then secretary. Fired fo
writing stories at work.
Do creative writing
course, or look fo
when in high school.
Drop out of prestigious
usiness school to start
1.3 Grammar Tense review
I worked in several departments and gained knowledge about all aspects of
I believe this job will allow me to acquire new skills and boost my earnings.
My gap year in the States deﬁnitely improved my employability, and working
for IBM certainly enhanced my CV.
On my Business studies course I received tuition from practising managers
and obtained experience on work placements.
When I left school I wasn’t sure what to do next. I had applied for a place
at university, but while I was revising for my exams I had already decided
that I didn’t feel ready for university. I had read a lot about East Africa, and
one day when I was watching a TV documentary about Ethiopia, I suddenly
knew that that was where I was going. In fact it was while I was working
with an NGO in Ethiopia that I became interested in business.
ange 3 bo
6 win 7 subsidize
1 have just ﬁ nished
2 am cu
I wasn’t a very motivated student when I was younger, so I failed my
exams in 1999 and had to retake them the following summer. I’d already
decided I wanted to take a gap year then go to business school, so this time
I completed all the coursework and revised thoroughly; I passed easily. I
have been designing
have been looking
spent a year a
oad as an assistant in a secondary school and then went to
usiness school – I’d already applied and successfully attended an interview
efore resitting my exams.
In my second year as an undergraduate, I spent a semester as an intern at
Hewlett Packard, which was very rewarding. In fact, I went straight into
a job at HP after I graduated the following June. They encouraged me to
do a Master’s degree by co
espondence – I just have to ﬁnish writing a
1 If I get the job, I will try to make myself available as soon as possible, but
I wouldn’t be able to start immediately unless JPC agreed to let me go.
2 You see, if I make a commitment, I do my best to respect it.
3 If by any chance the job were based in Kenya, I would take it anyway,
even though I’d prefer to use my Amharic.
dissertation. I need a
eak now, but I may take a sa
atical to study for an
MBA in a few years’ time.
I wasn’t a very motivated student when I was younger, so I had to retake my
exams in 2000 after I failed them the year before. I’d already decided that
efore going to business school I wanted to take a gap year. I passed easily
ecause this time I completed all the coursework and revised thoroughly.
I’d already applied and successfully attended an interview at a business
school, so after resitting my exams I spent a year a
oad as an assistant in a
I spent a semester as an intern at Hewlett Packard in my second year as
an undergraduate, which was very rewarding. In fact, after I graduated
the following June I went straight into a job at HP. I’m now writing a
dissertation for a Master’s degree by co
espondence which HP encouraged
me to do. I may take a sa
atical to study for an MBA in a few years’ time,
ut I need a
eak ﬁ rst.
In the short term, I hope (1) I’ll become a department manager quite quickly.
I’ve learnt a lot about management on the MBA, and (2) I’m going to put the
theory into practice as soon as I can. On the personal front, (3) I’m getting
ied next June; over the next couple of years my ﬁancé (4) is going to
write TV and movie scripts, so (5) he is going to be totally mobile and happy
to move as necessary.
usually present simple
ently present continuous
always present simple
at present present continuous
at the moment present continuous
often present simple
since / for present perfect
last past simple
a He’s not doing very much at the moment; he’s job-hunting.
He worked for ITC for twenty years.
c He was made redundant.
d He has just got back from Nepal; he has been working on a book.
e She worked in several ﬁrms, and became a specialist in downsizing.
f She’s cu
ently managing a subsidiary up north.
g She’s going to move down to London soon.
h Jess is taking over as group CEO of Morgan-Hoenshell, the company
which made Fraser redundant.
1.6 Case study Mangalia Business School
excellent reputation for quality
on the Black Sea coast – pleasant environment
close to the Romanian Business Centre
climate and cultural heritage
internationally recognized undergraduate and Master’s degrees
1.4 Speaking Giving reasons in interviews
faculty recruited from successful companies
1 Ruth 2 Anaïs 3 Anaïs 4 Ruth
5 Ruth 6 Anaïs 7 Ruth 8 Anaïs
Introducing a point
1, 4, 7
Seeing both sides
2, 6, 10
1 not only but also Besides / In addition / What’s more
2 in addition Besides
3 For one thing for another besides / in addition / what’s more
1 Why did you change your last job?
in southeast Romania
eputation for quality only in Central and Eastern Europe, not worldwide
accommodation for 300 students – small
faculty recruited from Central Europe, not worldwide
placements in Central Europe only
low proportion of MBA students
only 5% executive education – probably the most proﬁ table secto
low international student intake
1 The alternatives MBS is facing are either to lose students or to take risks
2 Radu Ionescu expects help in making a plan.
3 Ion Bumbescu has offered sponsorship on condition that the name
Why did you move to this part of the world?
Why do you play badminton?
1.5 Writing Cover letters
2.1 About business IT solutions
Ask directly for an interview.
Follow the AIDA model used in advertising – attention, interest, desire,
Start your letter ‘Dear Sir or Madam’.
Write a formal introduction in the ﬁ rst paragraph.
Write at least 400 words.
Use sophisticated language to make a good impression.
5 New technology allows anyone to produce professional results.
6 Because expectations increase, workload expands.
7 Changing jobs won’t help because the problem is the same everywhere.
Speaker 1 against
Speaker 2 fo
Speaker 3 against
Speaker 4 against
Speaker 1 d
Speaker 3 a
Speaker 4 c
2.2 Vocabulary Information systems and communication
equest action 4
give details of the applicant’s accomplishments 2
get the reader’s attention 1
elate the applicant to the company, showing why the company should hire
a bit more expensive S
a whole lot more expensive L
considerably more expensive L
far more expensive L
marginally more expensive S
my outgoing personality
a strong candidate.
inﬁnitely more expensive L
slightly more expensive S
somewhat more expensive S
I recently graduated
I served as
I attended school
I supported myself
Jobs such as bartending
I have the skills to embark on
I would like very much to
I will follow up this letter with
I can a
ange a time
from the University of Oregon.
president of the debating society.
in Michigan, Arizona and Oregon.
y working in radio advertising
my formal education.
a career in insurance
talk with you.
a phone call.
to meet with you.
1 A server is considerably more reliable, far quieter, and a whole lot more
powerful than a PC.
2 A laptop is a whole lot bigger, considerably more powerful, and
somewhat more expensive than a palmtop.
3 A suite is far more useful than a single application because it comprises
4 A patch is far less common than a plug-in because it’s used to co
software problem. A plug-in is used to provide additional features for an
application, so it’s a lot more frequently used.
5 A bug is just a software e
or, whereas a virus deliberately damages o
hijacks software. So a virus is inﬁnitely more dangerous.
A crash is considerably less serious than a hard disk failure. A crash
is a software failure, so you only lose any information you haven’t
saved. A hard disk failure is a hardware failure, so you may lose all the
information you have saved. Make regular backups to external media, it’s
a whole lot safer!
An intranet is one organization’s network: the Internet is the world-wide
network shared by billions of users, so it’s inﬁ nitely bigger.
A workgroup is a collection of workstations that are linked together, so
it’s far bigger than a single workstation.
more beautiful than
etter and bette
as positive as
2 crashing 3 went down 4 deleted
6 downloaded 7 setting up 8 ente
more rapidly than
more and more quickly
2 goes down
6 set up
less expensive than
Speaker 1 d
Speaker 2 f
Speaker 4 h
Speaker 5 a
Speaker 6 g
Speaker 7 c
Speaker 8 e
The older I get, the more generous I become.
The more money you earn, the more tax you pay.
The harder you work, the more you enjoy your holidays.
The more I look at you, the more beautiful you seem.
The longer the wait, the more you’ll enjoy the food when it comes.
1 give Ebony Brooks a ring about backup
give Maurice an update on appointments application
get in touch with Martha re laptops
2.4 Speaking Telephoning
get back to Lincoln Thigpen – presentation slides
keep Camilla Ramsey in the loop on solutions to database problems
let Maurice know about Marketing’s Internet connection
keep Marvin posted re sound card drive
ﬁll Cara Bickerson in on voice recognition
1 impolite: colleagues from different departments
2 polite: managers in a large company
3 too polite: acquaintances
4 informal: friends
1 get back to you
2 keep me in the loop
3 let you know
4 keep me posted
5 ﬁll me in
6 get in touch with
7 give you an update
8 give me a ring
1 Kelly wants last year’s billing ﬁgures for her customer.
Tabetha wants to know how to set up a WiFi connection on a laptop.
Erich wants a copy of the slides Lauren showed at the conference.
Mike wants to bo
ow Russell’s laptop for the weekend.
2 Lorenzo can’t help because he’s too busy.
Cory can’t help because she doesn’t know much about it.
Lauren can’t help because her hard disk crashed last week and she lost
CEO needs Web meeting available in all departments asap
ﬁfteen new laptops needed - HP’s special offer ends
abstract of presentation for New York conference
Marketing’s Internet connection is down again
Russell can’t help because he’s got some really important data on his
laptop, and the anti-virus isn’t up to date (and perhaps he doesn’t trust
Cory and Tabetha talk about the weather and playing tennis
(conversation 2). Russell and Mike talk about the weekend and the
match on Saturday (conversation 4).
Cara re voice recognition
CEO’s assistant wants WiFi
sound card drivers for Marvin (President’s nephew!)
Ebony Brooks re backup software
information from database vendors
I need you to give me…
I’d like to help you, but…
Have you got a couple of minutes?
Do you happen to know how to…?
I wish I could help you, but…
2.3 Grammar Comparing solutions and getting help
Anyway, I won’t keep you any longer,
I was wondering if I could ask you a favour?
A Crusoe’s software is really pricey; it’s far more expensive than Frydae’s!
B Yes, but Frydae’s applications don’t have nearly as many features.
C My Internet connection is 16 Mega – it’s a lot faster than yours.
D Yes, mine is only 8 Mega; it’s only half as fast as yours.
E Why don’t you get a budget desktop? Just as fast, and only half the price.
Do you think you could possibly send me…?
Normally I’d be glad to help, but…
I mustn’t take up any more of your time.
Any chance I could...?
The thing is...
Anyway, I’d better get on.
F Yes, it’s true the big
ands can be twice as expensive.
G Why pay several times as much for a laser printer when an inkjet will do
H Well, maybe inkjets only cost a fraction of the price, but it’s the cartridges
that really add up.
I Why do you insist on buying PCs? They’re a lot less reliable than Macs.
checking the other person can speak now: 3, 7
equesting help: 1, 4, 8, 11
efusing help: 2, 5, 9, 12
ending the call: 6, 10, 13
Basically because there’s inﬁnitely more software available.
1 worse 2 better 3 farthest / furthest 4 worst
5 most imaginative 6 farther / furthe
7 more honourable … more useful 8 less unlikely
Hello Blake, Alex here.
Oh, hello Alex. How’s it going?
Fine thanks. I’m not distu
ing you, am I?
No problem. I was just going to have a
I wanted to ask you a favour. Do you think you could show me how to
1 How do I switch this computer on? / How do I switch on this
2 Will you please turn that printer off? / Will you turn off that printer,
3 Can you tell me where the on / off switch is?
4 Do you know which room the meeting will be in?
use the new HR software?
Well, I’m so
y to disappoint you, but I don’t know much about it
Oh I see. Never mind. I’ll ask someone from IT. Thanks anyway.
OK. But just let me know if there’s anything I can do.
Thanks. Anyway, I won’t keep you any longer. Bye for now.
Could you tell me what I should open this attachment with?
Would you mind sending me an email just to test my new address?
I wonder if you’d mind my asking you a small favour?
Do you think you could let me know whether he will be attending o
not? / whether or not he will be attending?
C Hello, it’s Chris here. I’m not distu
ing you, am I?
D Oh, hi Chris. No, not at all. What can I do for you?
C I’m just calling to ask if you’d mind doing me a favour, actually.
D Go ahead.
C Well, do you think I could possibly bo
ow your copy of Ofﬁce 2007? I
need to re-install it, and I can’t ﬁ nd mine.
bởi admin lúc Mon, Apr 16 '18 11:39 AM
The Business Upper-intermediate, nằm trong bộ giáo trình anh văn thương mại "The Bussiness". Sau thời gian dài học, đến trình độ Upper này, mình thấy nó không khó lắm về mặt ngữ pháp, nhưng về mặt kinh tế học thì tuyệt vời, nó trình bày rất nhiều khía cạnh của kinh tế học. Thực sự là một quyển sách thú vị, KHÔNG CHỈ LÀ ANH VĂN, ĐÂY LÀ HỌC KINH TẾ BẰNG TIẾNG ANH! đây là phần answer key cho những bạn đang học bộ giáo trình này! link file nghe: http://www.mediafire.com/download/e1yw2llqg9l6xw1/answer+key.rar