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  • Download images Building vocabulary for college
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Did You Know?
The 12 most frequently used words in written English are:
the, of, and, a, to in, is, you, that, it, he, fo
■ The English language dates back to the 400s, when Germanic tribes, including
Angles and Saxons, invaded the island that came to be known (because of the
Angles) as England. The epic poem Beowulf was written down in about 1000 in
the Anglo-Saxon language, known as Old English. Middle English developed
following the 1066 invasion of the Normans, who came from France. Geof-
frey Chaucer’s Cante
ury Tales (completed in about 1400) is written in Middle
English. Modern English originated in the 16th century. The works of William
Shakespeare (1564–1616) are often cited as the beginning of Modern English.
■ Figures regarding the average American’s total vocabulary vary greatly, from
fewer than 5,000 words to more than 20,000. One major reason for this is that re-
searchers differ in the way in which they count the words. For example, if a per-
son knows the meaning of jump, some researchers assume that the person also
knows the meaning of its derivatives (jumps, jumped, jumping, jumper, jumpers,
jumpy), so they give credit for all of those words. Other researchers exclude de-
ivatives, so in the case of jump, they would give credit for only one word.
■ The quick
own fox jumps over the lazy dog contains every letter in the Eng-
lish alphabet. (This kind of sentence is called a pangram.)
■ No words in the English language rhyme with orange, month, purple, or silver.
■ Set is the English word that has the most defi nitions (the Oxford English Dic-
tionary lists 192).
■ Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconioisis (a lung disease) is the lon-
gest word in the English language that appears in a major dictionary. Screeched
is the longest one-syllable English word. Rhythms is the longest English word
that does not contain a, e, i, o, or u.
■ Strength is the only eight-letter English word that contains only one vowel.
Indivisibility is the only English word in which one vowel occurs six times.
■ Almost is the shortest English word whose letters all appear in alphabetical order.
■ Bookkeeper is the only English word that contains three consecutive sets of
double letters. Deeded is the only English word consisting of two letters used
three times each.
■ Dreamt is the only English word that ends in -mt. Tremendous, ho
endous, stu-
pendous, and hazardous are the only English words that end in -dous. Vacuum,
continuum, and residuum are the only English words that contain uu.
■ Queue is the only English word whose pronunciation does not change when its
last four letters are removed.
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bởi admin lúc Mon, Apr 16 '18 11:40 AM

The 12 most frequently used words in written English are: the, of, and, a, to in, is, you, that, it, he, for.The English language dates back to the 400s, when Germanic tribes, including .Angles) as England. The epic poem Beowulf was written down in about 1000 in the Anglo-Saxon language, known as Old English. Middle English developed following the 1066 invasion of the Normans, who came from France. Geof- frey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (completed in about 1400) is written in Middle English. Modern English originated in the 16th century. The works of William Shakespeare (1564–1616) are often cited as the beginning of Modern English. Figures regarding the average American’s total vocabulary vary greatly, from ■ fewer than 5,000 words to more than 20,000. One major reason for this is that re- searchers differ in the way in which they count the words. For example, if a per- son knows the meaning of jump, some researchers assume that the person also knows the meaning of its derivatives (jumps, jumped, jumping, jumper, jumpers, jumpy), so they give credit for all of those words. Other researchers exclude de- rivatives, so in the case of jump, they would give credit for only one word. The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog contains every letter in the Eng- lish alphabet. (This kind of sentence is called a pangram.) No words in the English language rhyme with ■ orange, month, purple, or silver. Set is the English word that has the most dei nitions (the Oxford English Dic-
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